Dr. Brand's research informs the risk analysis/management interface applied to the health sector. His methods-research aims to simplify and illuminate projections/forecasts of health impacts (using simple mathematical models), and to clarify the translation of uncertain evidence into warrants for health policy action (using simple decision analysis and risk perception insight). He was the MHA program director from July of 2015 to January 2017.
His applications of these methods have extended beyond uncertainty analysis to include (Bayesian) numerical methods for pooling information, and value of information analysis. In more recent research he has applied standard mathematical approximation techniques to a standard demography tool, namely the life-table. He has used the resulting approximations to effectively "break-open" the black-box calculations that characterize the Cause-Modified life-table. His follow-up work suggests that these heuristics and inter-relationships will help bring greater coherence, and in some cases greater rigor, to the disparate approaches that have been used (by various disciplines) to forecast long term population health impacts.
- Decision analysis
- Demography methods
- Environmental Health Risk Assessment
- Health Impact Assessment
- Health economic valuation
- Multivariate data analysis
- Policy Formulation
- Regulatory toxicology
- Risk Management
- Uncertainty Analysis
Publications during the last 7 years
Papers in Refereed Journals
Grundy, A., Brand, K.P., Khandwala, F., Poirier, A., Tamminen, S., Friedenreich, C.M. and Brenner, D.R. 2016. Cancer Incidence Attributable to Residential Radon Exposure in Alberta, Canada in 2012. CMAJ.
Stieb, D.M., Judek, S., Brand, K.P., Burnett, R.T. and Shin, H.H. 2015. Approximations for Estimating Change in Life Expectancy Attributable to Air Pollution in Relation to Multiple Causes of Death Using a Cause Modified Life Table. Risk Analysis, 35(8): 1468-1478.
Stieb, D.M., Judek, S., van Donkelaar, A., Martin R.V., Brand, K.P., Shin, H.H., Burnett, R.T. and Smith-Doiron, M.H. 2015. Estimated public health impacts of changes in concentrations of fine particle air pollution in Canada, 2000 to 2011. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 106(6): e362-8.
Archambault, P.M., Turgeon, A.F., Witteman, H.O., Lauzier, F., Moore, L., Lamontagne, F., Horsley, T., Gagnon, M.P., Droit, A., Weiss, M., Tremblay, S., Lachaine, J., Le Sage, N., Émond, M., Berthelot, S., Plaisance, A., Lapointe, J., Razek, T., van de Belt, T.H., Brand, K.P., Kuziemsky, C.E., Bérubé, M., Clément, J., Grajales Iii, F.J., Eysenbach, G., Friedman, D., Lang, E., Muscedere, J., Rizoli, S., Roberts, D.J., Scales, D.C., Sinuff, T., Stelfox, H.T., Gagnon, I., Chabot, C., Grenier, R. and Légaré, F. 2015. Implementation and Evaluation of a Wiki Involving Multiple Stakeholders Including Patients in the Promotion of Best Practices in Trauma Care: The WikiTrauma Interrupted Time Series Protocol. JMIR Research Protocols, 4(1).
Archambault, P.M., van de Belt, T.H., Brand, K.P., Plaisance, A., Kuziemsky, C.E., Faber, M.J., Gagnon, M.P., Turgeon, A.F., Aubin, K., Poitras, J., Horsley, T., Lapointe, J., Witteman, W., Lachaine, J. and Légaré, F. 2014. Collaborative writing applications in healthcare: effects on professional practice and healthcare outcomes (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (11): 1465-1858.
Peterson, E., Aker, A., Kim, J., Brand, K.P. and Copes, R. 2013. Lung-Cancer Risk from Radon in Ontario, Canada: How many lung cancers can we prevent? Cancer Causes and Control, 24(11): e2013-2020.
Welch, V., Petticrew, M., Ueffing, E., Jandu, M.B. and Brand, K.P. 2012. Does Consideration and Assessment of Effects on Health Equity Affect the Conclusions of Systematic Reviews? A Methodology Study. PLOS ONE, 7(3): e31360.
Welch, V., Brand, K.P., Kristjansson, E., Smylie, J., Wells, G. and Tugwell, P. 2012. Systematic reviews need to consider applicability to disadvantaged populations: inter-rater agreement for a health equity plausibility algorithm. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 12: 187.
Invited Contributions and/or Technical Reports
Brand, K.P. 2011. "Methodological Questions Regarding the Assessment of Health Impacts form Air Pollution", February, pp. 1-56.
Funded Research during the last 7 years
Funded Research during the last 7 years
||Issues in the Analysis and Interpretation of Effects of Air Pollution on Life Expectancy
*Purpose = C: Contract (R and D), E: Equipment Grant, R: Research Grant, S: Support Award, P: Pedagogical Grant, O: Other, U: Unknown
**Type= C: Granting Councils, G: Government, F: Foundations, I: UO Internal Funding, O: Other, U: Unknown
Role: PI = Principal Investigator, Co-I = Co-Investigator, Co-PI = Co-Principal Investigator