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Thesis Defence - Nathaniel Leduc

Wednesday, December 13, 2017, 2:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m.

Understanding Collaboration in the Context of Loosely- and Tightly-Coupled Complex Adaptive Systems

Nathaniel Leduc
MSc Candidate in Health Systems
Telfer School of Management

Abstract

Many of the technological and social systems our society has come to depend on can be classified as complex adaptive systems (CAS). These systems are made of many individual parts that self-organize to respond and adapt to changing outside and inside influences affecting the system and its actors. These CAS can be placed on a spectrum ranging from loosely- to tightly-coupled, depending on the degree of interrelatedness and interdependence between system components. This research has explored how the process of collaboration occurs in both a loosely- and tightly-coupled setting using one exemplar of each system. The loosely-coupled exemplar related to disaster risk reduction in two Canadian communities while the tightly-coupled one involved the implementation of a surgical information management system in a Canadian hospital. A list of core elements of collaboration that should be considered essential to the success of all collaborative endeavours was developed as a result: Engagement, Communication, Leadership, Role Clarity, Awareness, Time, and Technical Skills and Knowledge. Based on observing how the core elements of collaboration interacted with one another within each of these example systems, two models were created to represent their relationships. A list of considerations that collaborative tool designers should consider was also developed and the implications of these considerations were discussed. As businesses and other organizations increasingly incorporate team-based work models, they will come to depend more heavily on technology-based solutions to support collaboration. By incorporating collaborative technologies that properly support the activity of these teams—based on the specific type of complex adaptive system in which their organization exists—organizations can avoid wasting time and resources developing tools that hinder collaboration.


Date:
Wednesday, December 13, 2017
Time:
2:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m.
Location:
Telfer School of Management
Desmarais Building
DMS 4120
55 Laurier Avenue East
Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5
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